Duma Fast-Tracks Bill on Party Registration

My comment in The Moscow Times

By Nikolaus von Twickel

Opposition leaders are bracing themselves for a new law that many expect  will lead to a mushrooming of political parties in the  country.

On Friday, the State Duma’s public organizations committee decided  to send the bill to the floor for a second reading Tuesday  without changing its key ingredient: lowering the membership threshold  for a party from 40,000 to 500.

Committee chairman Alexei Ostrovsky told Interfax that the draft,  announced by President Dmitry  Medvedev in December, might well become law before Vladimir Putin‘s inauguration  as president, which is planned for May 7.

A third reading could be completed Friday. Based on that time  frame, the Federation Council could approve the bill as soon as March  28.

«If senators approve it, the president will sign swiftly and the  bill becomes law [immediately],» Ostrovsky told Kommersant.

The hurdles to register political parties have long been identified  as a key ingredient in the Kremlin’s policy to stifle competition  for Putin’s United Russia party.

And while the sudden turnaround has been seen as one of the  concessions made following protests that broke out after December’s Duma  elections, experts warn that the goal might actually be in line with  the strategy of keeping the opposition weak.

«Clearly, the Kremlin has decided to make registering new parties  as easy as possible so as to strongly fracture the party landscape  into a multitude of minor players,» Tatyana Stanovaya, an analyst  at the Center for Political Technologies, wrote on the Politcom.ru website.

Stanovaya’s view was echoed by Gennady Gudkov, a senior Duma deputy  for A Just Russia.

Gudkov, who has participated in the recent anti-government protests,  told RIA-Novosti last week that the new law will lead to «spoiler  parties» and «mini parties» that will garner less than 0.5 percent  in elections.

Currently, just seven parties are registered by the Justice  Ministry, four of which have Duma seats.

The ministry has already received 68 applications to form new  parties, United Russia Duma deputy Vladimir Pligin said last week.

The new rules could pose a test for the People’s Freedom  Party, or Parnas, which was formed two years ago as a coalition  of disparate opposition leaders whose main unifying motive was  to confront the Kremlin.

The opposition coalition announced last week that it was  leaving a working group on political reform with the Kremlin  because the Duma committee would not consider its suggestions  for making party registration easier.

Two of Parnas’ co-leaders, Mikhail Kasyanov and Vladimir Ryzhkov,  head their own unregistered parties. The third, Boris Nemtsov, is co-leader  of another opposition coalition, the Solidarity movement.

Ryzhkov announced Friday that he would revive his Republican Party after  the Justice Ministry signaled that it would no longer hinder its  registration.

The move follows a decision by the European Court  of Human Rights in Strasbourg, which ruled last year that a 2007  Supreme Court decision to abolish the party was illegal.

The Supreme Court consequently annulled its decision, but this was  challenged by a formal complaint from the Justice Ministry.

Ryzhkov said Friday that the Republican Party would take part  in regional elections this fall and that he won’t leave Parnas.  Instead, he will aim to merge his party into the opposition coalition.

«Success will only come to those who gather most political forces around  themselves,» he told Kommersant.

But while Parnas might hold, numerous other opposition forces are already  promising competition. Vladimir Milov, a former deputy energy minister,  said he would register his Democratic Choice Party once the rules were  eased.

Speaking with The Moscow Times, he dismissed fears  of marginalization by arguing that free-market theory should also hold  for parties.

«The more competition, the better for consumers [of politics],» he  said.

Milov was a founding member of Solidarity and Parnas, but he  quit both after sparring with the other leaders.

Another potential entrant on the liberal right is the Union  of Right Forces, the country’s long-standing pro-business party, which  foundered in 2008 when some of its leaders joined  the Kremlin-supported Right Cause party.

Leonid Gozman and Boris Nadezhdin, who left Right Cause after what they  said was a Kremlin-inspired coup, have recently started to revive  the Union of Right Forces. Gozman told The Moscow Times that  a decision whether to reregister the party would be made  in the coming weeks.

In addition, billionaire Mikhail  Prokhorov, former Finance Minister Alexei  Kudrin and industry lobbyist Boris Titov have announced their own  parties, all of which would be right of center on the political  spectrum.

Prokhorov, who finished third in this month’s presidential election, is  seen as the most promising contender.

Kudrin has said he will discuss joining forces  with Prokhorov, whose campaign team says the yet-unnamed party has received  more than 80,000 membership applications.

But the political left could splinter as well as a result  of the new law.

Sergei Udaltsov, one of the most prominent leaders of the recent  anti-government protests, has suggested forming a new social-democratic  party that would combine his unregistered Left Front with the liberal  Yabloko party and the formerly Kremlin-friendly A Just Russia  party.

While that prospect might threaten the Communists, who finished second  with 20.5 percent in the Duma elections, it has only increased speculation  of an imminent breakup of A Just Russia, which finished third with 14  percent.

Gudkov and Ilya Ponomaryov, two Just Russia Duma deputies at the  opposition forefront, vehemently denied that they are at odds with party  leader Sergei Mironov, whom many still see as a Putin loyalist.

«Our main task is not to allow a breakup of the leftist forces  into a big number of small organizations,» Ponomaryov told  The Moscow Times.

Gudkov denied speculation that he would leave A Just Russia amid  a public spat with Mironov, saying that he is part of the party’s  backbone.

«I believe that only united we will win, divided we fall,» he was quoted as  saying by RIA Novosti last week.

However, Udaltsov has already declined an invitation from Mironov  to join A Just Russia.

«I’m happy that Sergei Mironov thinks positively about me, but I am currently  not ready to join any party,» he told Interfax.

Opposition representatives interviewed for this article agreed that  the most important thing will be whether parties will be allowed  to form blocs before elections so that they can appear as one  on ballots.

Sergei Markov, a former Duma deputy, said A Just Russia had failed  to live up to its promise.

«It is not possible to be popular and loyal [to the Kremlin]  at the same time,» he said.

But he added that it was hard to predict what would happen to the  party because the Kremlin has probably not found a final strategy.

Read more: http://www.themoscowtimes.com/news/article/duma-fast-tracks-bill-on-party-registration/454953.html#ixzz1pXvg5ZrH The Moscow Times


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